Posts Tagged Drug Testing

North Fork Schools Anticipates Student Drug Testing Before the Year Ends

Students at North Fork School District may soon have to submit themselves for mandatory drug testing after the North Fork Board of Education approved during its October meeting the reinstatement of the policy.

drug testingAccording to Mount Vernon News, the district will follow the drug testing policy established in 2003. Students who are involved in any extra-curricular activity or those who drive vehicles on school grounds will be required to undergo random drug testing. The test will be performed periodically to give students a fair and equitable chance of being chosen each time selections are required.

The purpose of the program, which is expected to begin  around December, is to ensure the health and safety of all students; undermine the effects of peer pressure; encourage students to participate in drug treatment; and to prevent the impact drugs and alcohol has on the learning environment.

It wasn’t clear yet whether the drug tests will be performed by a third party service provider or what kind of substances are going to be screened, but the board assures more details will be disseminated to parents through emails, coaches and parent advisories.

North Fork School District’s 2003 policy states: “The board realizes that a student’s participation in the district’s school sponsored extra-curricular program and student drivers, who use illegal drugs, alcohol or tobacco, pose a threat to their own health and safety, as well as to that of other students.”

“The board also recognizes that the use of alcohol and illicit drugs by students is a national problem and, with the support from the U.S. Supreme Court, the North Fork Local School District will put a program of deterrence and intervention into effect as a pro-active approach to a truly safe and drug-free school.”

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Comparing the Different Methods of Drug Testing

Drug testing has been increasingly common in the past years, with employers and parents finding ways to determine drug abuse within their respective areas of responsibility – the workplace for the employers and the home for the parents. With the increasing popularity of drug tests comes also the introduction of different methods of drug testing. What works best for one may not be appropriate for another, so allow us to make a simple comparison of the basic drug testing methods.

Urine Drug Testing

urine drug testThis is the most common drug testing method in hospitals, drug treatment and rehabilitation centers, and company offices, as the results can be made available within the same day. If using the on-site urine drug testing kit, results can be obtained within minutes. The on-site drug test, though, is not enough when you need to bring the matter to legal proceedings. Urine tests offer a window of detection that ranges from 24 to 72 hours.

Oral Fluid Drug Testing

oral fluid testThe clear advantage of oral fluid drug testing is its convenience. Specimen can be collected anywhere; no need for special facilities to aid sample collection. Not having to collect the sample in a comfort room also eliminates the possibility of tampering. You see sample collection right in front of you. This would work well for those who need to check current drug use only as this offers a very short window of detection, just around 24 hours.

Hair Follicle Drug Testing

hair drug testHair follicle drug testing possesses the advantages of long window of detection, easy sample collection and difficult sample adulteration. It can detect drug use to as far as 3 months back from testing. Sample can be taken just anywhere, and it is not prone to basic sample tampering methods like dilution. Results may take a little more time compared to the other 2 methods, but they can be obtained within a matter of few days.

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Treatment of Drug and Substance Addiction – An Overview


The disease of addiction entails a lot of complexities which affect every sphere of the addict’s life as well as that of his family members. Addiction, like any other chronic disease, is treatable. Treatment of addiction has several components which aims at making the victim drug free and rehabilitating him into the mainstream of life. It covers detoxification and management of medical problems, providing individual, family and group counseling and extending follow-up care.

Treatment of addiction is primarily based on certain guiding principles, the salient one being that recovery from addiction is possible though there is a probability of relapse and recovery is usually a long process. The treatment procedure must focus on various needs of the recovering person – physical, psychological, legal, vocational, spiritual and others. Counseling forms an integral part of the treatment and this should continue for an adequate period of time. Regular monitoring of the individual’s needs, problems and his progress is essential.

The involvement of family, community, workplace and support groups facilitate recovery. Co-morbidity is one of the most chief factors since most of the addicts do suffer from different types of physical or mental problems which, if left untreated, will take a more serious form in recovery and this might act as a trigger for relapse.

The initial step in treating an addict is assessment of the causes of addiction and identification of the most appropriate treatment modalities which could meet his needs.

Detoxification is the next step which deals with the abstinence syndrome caused by the cessation of the use of drugs. Detoxification can be done in a controlled environment such as at a detoxification center or on an outpatient basis.

The early detoxification phase is followed by counseling – individual or group. This enables the client to assess his problems and motivates him to develop coping skills.

An effective treatment procedure should have a component of aftercare since it is essential to sustain recovery.

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Understanding the Drug Addiction Recovery Process


The recovery process is a long and painful journey from dependence on drugs to a drug free healthy lifestyle. It is the process for making intrapersonal and interpersonal changes. It is the time for healing the damage caused by addiction by learning new skills and tasks to face the challenges of the drug free life.

The process of recovery begins when the addict sees that he can go no further accepting the fact that he is over-powered by drugs and there is actually no safe way of using it. Most of the time his family members and friends intervene to make him realize the fact.

Recovery from addiction is thus a dynamic and progressive process and it could be divided into certain stages on the basis of the developmental growth events experienced by the individual during his recovery journey.

The “Unfreezing Phase”/Ambivalence

This is the phase of emotional awakening when the person suddenly realizes the sorrowful condition of his existence, the things that he has lost, troubles he has caused, the innocent people he has hurt. After many false starts he accepts help, begins to trust a helping person, evaluates experiences and recognizes the damage and distress that drug has caused. He begins to feel hopeful and decides to accept directive help to learn to live without drugs.

The “Reshaping Phase”/Commitment

The recovering addict learns to live without drugs. Slowly he becomes adapted to the new routines of life and at the same time he develops better self-control and self-respect. He also develops an alliance with other recovering peers and practices the recovery skills together with them. The stronger the bondage the better the chances of recovery.

The “Refreezing Phase”/Integration
This is the final stage in which he makes progress in all aspects of life. The process of assimilation and validation occurs most naturally. He assumes responsibilities with confidence and adapts to recovery practices in everyday life to reduce drug craving and risk of relapse. He becomes a part of the mainstream community.

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Beware of the Prescription Drug, Adderall – It is Addictive


Prescription drug abuse has been a growing source of concern. Often the victims start using the drug without even knowing about its addictive nature. But gradually, with increased usage, the primary purpose of using it fades away and the person gets hooked to it.

Adderall is one such prescription drug, the use of which has gained tremendous popularity among college students as well as housewives. It is a Central Nervous System stimulant and students use it for staying awake at night during their exams. It also helps in reducing weight and is thus well-liked by women who like to shed that extra fat to get the swimsuit figure. The increasing demand for Adderall prescriptions amongst parents of college students coupled with a college culture that encourages its use is leading to a rise in Adderall addiction.

Adderall is a Schedule II drug and its annual sale is roughly $600 million. You need a prescription to get this drug since it has high potential to be abused and may lead to severe physical and psychological dependence.

The effects of Adderall are insomnia, lack of appetite, nausea and vomiting, palpitations, dizziness, changes in heart rate and blood pressure which usually increases but may also decrease in certain cases, headache, abdominal pain, digestive problems skin rashes and itching, weight loss, unexplained muscle tenderness, muscle weakness, flu like symptoms, toxic psychosis and psychotic episodes. Paranoia, hallucinations, feelings of hostility, excessive repetition of movements and formicaton (sensation of bugs and worms crawling under the skin) are related with long-term, excessive use of the drug. Overdose may also lead to cardio-vascular failure and convulsion.

Thus Adderall is not really a buddy as your friends might be portraying it. Don’t get lured by its temporary benefits since it might pave your way to the rehab centre in the near future.

For more information on the matter you can call The Atlanta Recovery Center of Georgia at 1-877-236-3981.

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Parents – Can you hear this?: Effects of Parents’ Drug Addiction in Family

alcoholoic parents

It has been a long time that we are focusing primarily on issues related to teenage addiction. As parents we are concerned about our children’s vulnerability to substance abuse. But did we ever focus on our own behavior? Parents serve as role models for children. Thus it is their responsibility to practice what they preach. If you ever try to delve deep into the reasons for a child’s addictive behavior, you will surely find that faulty learning process is the most important factor and parents, being the first teachers of a child, are the chief influencers.

There are a number of people who suffer from problems related to substance abuse but they prefer to keep them unaddressed due to shame or other social factors. I was just going through a post “Diane Schuler’s Death: kills buzz for moms who drink” and was just shocked to know how reckless a mother could be. Schuler, a 36 years old mother of two, met with a fatal accident on 26th July, 2009 when she crashed her minivan into an approaching traffic killing herself, her 2 year old daughter, three young nieces and three men in another car. Police said that shortly before the mishap, Schuler had smoked pot and drank 10 drinks worth of vodka. Her blood alcohol level was twice more than the permissible limit.

The incident of Diane Schuler is the extreme example of how kids suffer due their parents’ addiction. It is being said that in suburban areas like Westchester, the rate of drunken mothers driving with their children has been rising steadily. But most families pretend that the disease doesn’t exist and this worsens the situation.

Children of addicts are the silent sufferers. The irresponsible behavior of their parents fosters a sense of insecurity within them. They tend to become rebellious and ultimately find solace in drugs.

If substance abuse is a problem for you please seek help.

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