Posts Tagged crack addiction
For the most part, crack and cocaine is used interchangeably, with crack deemed only as a slang term that is used to refer to cocaine in general. It may, however, be helpful for parents to know more about the form of cocaine that is crack. The term cocaine normally conjures up images of white crystalline powder that is snorted by its users. Crack, however, assumes a different form altogether.
Crack is the end result of processing cocaine hydrochloride with ammonia or baking soda, and water; this process yields a rock crystal. Crack is used by heating the rock crystal, and inhaling the cocaine vapor or smoke that is produced.
The vapor then goes directly into the lungs. According to an article on the National Institute on Drug Abuse, inhaled cocaine is absorbed in to the bloodstream as rapidly as injecting it directly into the blood stream. The effects of cocaine, which include increased energy and mental alertness, and reduced fatigue, become more intense when cocaine is absorbed into the bloodstream and delivered to the brain faster.
Crack cocaine, therefore, has the ability to deliver a stronger high when compared to snorting powder. The high that is produced by inhaling cocaine, however, is shorter. It may last only between 5 to 10 minutes. Since the high brought about by crack does not last long, the user needs to take it again. This causes abusers to binge, defined as taking the drug repeatedly, and at increasingly higher doses, within a relatively short period of time. This binging leads to irritability, restlessness and anxiety.
There is a multitude of stories, both shared and untold, that may have a common denominator: crack. There may be young women who would turn to prostitution for a few bucks, just so they could buy crack; or men who would dip into their children’s savings to finance their addiction to cocaine. The stories are endless.
But what is crack? A post on DrugFree.org shares information about the substance. Cocaine goes by a number of names. Aside from crack, other slang terms that refer to it are as follows: Big C, Blow, Coke, Flake, Freebase, Lady, Nose Candy, Rock, Snow, Snowbirds, White Crack.
Cocaine is essentially a drug that is extracted from the leaves of the coca plant, and is known to be one of the most addictive of illicit drugs. Cocaine that can be found on the street comes in two forms: cocaine hydrochloride and crack. Cocaine hydrochloride is a white crystalline powder, while crack is cocaine hydrochloride that is processed with ammonia or baking soda, and water. This process yields freebase cocaine in the form of chips, chunks or rocks.
Cocaine is used in several ways. It can be snorted, or dissolved in water and then injected. Crack can also be smoked. Its users experience a high that will leave them more energized and less tired, and they can also experience mental clarity. These feelings, however, do not last for long; snorting cocaine will leave users high for 15 to 30 minutes, while smoking crack can only bring a high that will last for 5 to 10 minutes. What will follow is depression and irritability.