Prescription Drug Abuse
A recent study published in the journal Addictive Behaviors revealed that teenagers who participate in sports are less likely to engage in the use of most illicit drugs.
While that finding is somewhat expected judging by the benefits that the youth get through sports, proponents of the study surprisingly discovered that this same demographic are more prone to alcohol abuse. Research team member John Cairney of McMaster University’s Offord Centre for Child Studies shared through Reuters the surprising results. “When we began our own review, we were shocked not only to find many new studies, but also ones that had been missed in previous reviews,” Cairney said.
The researchers from Canada reviewed previous studies published between 1982 and 2012, and dealt with monitoring people’s behaviors as a result of sports activities. It was through the comprehensive review that the benefit of sports activities in preventing drug abuse can be confirmed.
“We have enough data to show that sport participation could play an important role in substance use prevention. We need to understand what aspects of sport participation are most beneficial and design rigorous trials to see if sport interventions really can reduce or prevent drug use in youth,” Cairney added.
Unfortunately, the same cannot be said for marijuana and alcohol use, which young athletes were more susceptible to fall into. Also, the probability of prescription drug abuse — particularly in the use of painkillers and opiod medication — is higher for young people engaged in sports because these drugs are easier to get for them.
If you think that drug poisoning is deadly, wait until you see what the government has discovered.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a study that indicates a threefold increase in the number of drug-related deaths since thirty years ago. The three hundred percent jump includes deaths caused by use of illicit drugs and prescription medicine, but the study did not reflect how much of the statistic came from these particular drugs.
The research team led by study author Lauren Rossen attribute most of the cases of poisoning fatalities to drugs, both legal and illegal. “Mapping death rates associated with drug poisoning at the county level may help elucidate geographic patterns, highlight areas where drug-related poisoning deaths are higher than expected, and inform policies and programs designed to address the increase in drug-poisoning mortality and morbidity,” Rossen said in a news release.
On a more alarming note, the CDC reports that in the most recent decade, the surge in drug poisoning deaths was insanely high. From a drug poisoning death rate of 3 percent in 1999, the figure shot up to 54 percent in 2009. This confirms another finding that revealed a double-figure increase in prescription drug abuse for the past five years. This figure translates to roughly 12 million people admitting to ingestion of prescription drugs outside of their intended purpose.
High death rates were recorded in counties in Alaska, Louisiana, Mississippi and New Mexico.
Since 2010, the National Take Back Initiative has educated Americans about the dangers of leaving excess prescribed drugs inside their homes, and how a correct disposal method can become the first step to preventing prescription drug abuse. The most recent campaign was conducted last October 26, 2013 from 10:00 AM to 2:00 PM.
Several counties and states have put their full support to this government activity:
- In Baltimore, the entire police force has coordinated with the DEA to push the event to the limelight, by offering their stations as drop off locations for those who want to throw away their unused medication. Lt. Michael Brothers of the Anne Arundel County Police shared in a news release that they will not interrogate locals who are planning to dispose of their medicine at the police stations. “We will not ask any questions. You can place them in the box and you can leave. No questions asked,” said Lt. Brothers.
- Government personnel and sheriff’s deputies at Harford County were assisted by DEA in transforming the county office parking lot into a drop off site. Doug Ellington of the DEA expressed his sentiments about the issue. “Prescription drug abuse is an epidemic in this county… Non-medical use of prescription drugs ranks second only to marijuana as a drug of abuse,” Ellington said in a news item.
- The city of Huntington in West Virginia was able to amass about 30 pounds of prescription drugs across three Take Back stations. Cpl. Steve Vincent of the Cabell County Sheriff’s Department was surprised with the turnout. “We’ve been going for about an hour-and-a-half and we’ve already got two boxes filled up,” Vincent said.
Indiana officials are stepping up their campaign against prescription drug abuse with the launch of a new website and a series of public service announcements.
www.in.gov/bitterpill/ is a joint effort between Indiana Attorney General Greg Zoeller and the Indiana Prescription Drug Abuse Prevention Task Force. Its goal is to educate Hoosiers about the dangers of Rx medicine abuse, how to properly store and dispose prescription medicines, how to talk to kids about prescription drug abuse, and more.
Data provided by the Indiana State Department of Health (ISDH) showed more than 700 residents of Indiana died from accidental drug overdoses in 2011. The new website hopes to reduce this number and steer kids away from potential addiction.
“Statistics show that abuse and misuse among all age groups is a serious problem in Indiana and that’s a bitter pill for our state to swallow,” Zoeller said in a news release. “Whether you are seeking ideas on how to talk to your teenager about whether they are abusing prescription drugs, searching for help for yourself or a loved one or just want to know how to properly dispose of your unwanted medications, this new website serves as a one-stop shop. I believe consumers need to be armed with information and the right resources so we can try to put an end to this epidemic.”
Zoeller mentioned the top five features of www.BitterPill.IN.gov, namely: Knowing the dangers, Dealing with addiction, Proper prescription disposal, Clinical resources, and Reporting illegal activities.
State Rep. Steve Davisson (R-Salem) agreed that the new website is a great resource in fighting the epidemic that “threatens the health of our state.”
The new website was unveiled in conjunction with the launching of a series of online, print, television and radio service announcements which will officially air on September 2.
A new report by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) finds that people who use prescription pain relievers for nonmedical reason are at greater risk of heroin abuse.
The Associations of Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use and Initiation of Heroin Use in the United States, which covered the period of 2002 to 2011, revealed that 12 to 49-year olds who had used pain relievers without a doctor’s prescription were 19 times more likely to have used heroin within the past 12 months of being interviewed for the report. It also indicated that 79.5 percent of heroin users had formerly engaged in nonmedical use of pain relievers.
“Prescription pain relievers when used properly for their intended purpose can be of enormous benefit to patients, but their nonmedical use can lead to addiction, serious physical harm and even death,” Dr. Peter Delany, director of SAMHSA’s Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, said in a news release. “This report shows that it can also greatly increase an individual’s risk of turning to heroin use – thus adding a new dimension of potential harm.”
Even though the report said that only 3.6 percent of those who used pain relievers without prescription went on to use heroin within five years, the findings shouldn’t be regarded very lightly given the increasing number of people, especially teens, who turn to prescription drugs to get high.
From 2007 to 2011, the number of people who reported use of heroin in the past 12 months increased from 373,000 to 620,000. Heroin dependents in the past 12 months likewise rose from 179,000 in 2007 to 369,000 in 2011. The number of people starting to use heroin the first time in the past 12 months also increased from 106,000 people to 178,000 people during the same period.
When Colorado legalized the use of recreational marijuana last year one might think it could somehow lead to an uncontrollable number of pot abusers. Surprisingly, the abuse of prescription drugs became more of a serious problem in the state than any other addictive substances.
State Attorney General John Suthers said more Coloradans are dying from prescription drug abuse than alcohol-related road accidents. In Adams County alone, 1 in 5 high school students reported abusing prescription drugs in the previous year. Nearly 15 percent of 18-to-25-year olds in the state are abusing painkillers.
Vicodin, Oxycontin and Valium are among the widely abused prescription drugs in the country, climbing from 40 million in 1991 to over 180 million in 2007.
Suthers joins other health experts and public officials taking a stand in the issue in warning people that just because Rx medicines are prescribed by doctors doesn’t mean they are safe to use recreationally. He told 9News that the state is about to begin a focused effort aimed at reducing prescription drug abuse and such effort will be felt over the next 6 to 12 months.
“We need to shore up our prescription drug monitoring program,” Suthers said. “I think we have to make it mandatory but we also have to make it very user friendly by doctors.”