A recent study published in the journal Addictive Behaviors revealed that teenagers who participate in sports are less likely to engage in the use of most illicit drugs.
While that finding is somewhat expected judging by the benefits that the youth get through sports, proponents of the study surprisingly discovered that this same demographic are more prone to alcohol abuse. Research team member John Cairney of McMaster University’s Offord Centre for Child Studies shared through Reuters the surprising results. “When we began our own review, we were shocked not only to find many new studies, but also ones that had been missed in previous reviews,” Cairney said.
The researchers from Canada reviewed previous studies published between 1982 and 2012, and dealt with monitoring people’s behaviors as a result of sports activities. It was through the comprehensive review that the benefit of sports activities in preventing drug abuse can be confirmed.
“We have enough data to show that sport participation could play an important role in substance use prevention. We need to understand what aspects of sport participation are most beneficial and design rigorous trials to see if sport interventions really can reduce or prevent drug use in youth,” Cairney added.
Unfortunately, the same cannot be said for marijuana and alcohol use, which young athletes were more susceptible to fall into. Also, the probability of prescription drug abuse — particularly in the use of painkillers and opiod medication — is higher for young people engaged in sports because these drugs are easier to get for them.
Children cannot wait to become grownups, and parents usually find this adorable. Now, a brand new survey suggests that moms and dads should be concerned about the rapid development of their kids into teenagers because this can lead to substance abuse.
According to a study by a team of researcher from Austin’s University of Texas links early puberty to a higher risk of deveoplng substance abuse. Team lead Jessica Cance, who works at the Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, cites how puberty can result not only to physical body changes but also the teen’s social and psychological health. “Our research has shown that pubertal development is a combination of biological, psychological and social processes that all likely interact to influence risk-taking behavior like substance use,” Cance shared in a news item.
The survey involved 6,500 teenagers between the ages of 11 and 17, monitored their puberty development based on physical changes, and assessed their susceptibility to abuse of cocaine, alcohol and drugs. Results of the study showed that those who enter puberty at an earlier stage in their life are more prone to engage in drug abuse.
Cance relates this to the individual’s biological development and links it to his or her perceived social maturity. She said the first student in class to experience biological maturity “prompts or exacerbates existing psychological and social aspects… that can, in turn, lead to substance use and other risky behaviors early in life.”
Earlier studies showed that society and marketing agencies lure teens into drug and alcohol use because these are “cool”. This breakthrough revelation from Cance’s team shows that the perceived feeling of maturity in children makes them more likely to drug abuse.
Celebrities are role models. But they are not perfect. Sure they look flawless and their lives seem magical most of the time, but some of them often embrace certain habits that could lead to their own downfall and sometimes demise. As we all know, drugs and alcohol are a big thing in the world of glitz and glamour. And while some stars would usually deny ever using such substances, others are brave enough to admit that they have gone astray at some point in their lives.
Here are well-known celebrities who revealed their drug use and still managed to redeem themselves before it was too late:
1. Angelina Jolie
The Golden Globe-winning actress confessed that she had tried “about every drug possible” such as cocaine, ecstasy, LSD and heroin. ” I went through heavy, darker times and I survived them,” she said during 2011 interview with 60 Minutes. “I didn’t die young, so I’m very lucky. There are other artists and people who didn’t survive certain things.”
2. George Clooney
He’s one of the most sought-after actors in his generation, but even that wasn’t enough to keep him out of trouble. In one of his old interviews, he said: “I’ve slept with too many women, done too many drugs and been to too many parties. I loved acid when I was at college. It was an escape. I liked mushrooms. They were like easy acid. I did like blow…Blow would dress you up for a party, but never take you there. You’re always like. This is going to be great! Then you’re just depressed.”
3. Drew Barrymore
She was America’s favorite child star. But unlike other kids, her past time included smoking cigarettes and marijuana, drinking alcohol, and snorting cocaine. She confessed having her first taste of rehab at 14. In 1989, she told People magazine about her first experience with pot at the age of 10. She said: “… my addict mind told me, ‘Well, if smoking pot is cute, it’ll also be cute to get the heavier stuff like cocaine.’ It was gradual. What I did kept getting worse and worse, and I didn’t care what anybody else thought.”
4. Nicholas Cage
In 2010, the National Treasure star admitted in the David Letterman Show that he once used hallucinogenic magic mushrooms with his cat. “I had a bag of mushrooms in my refrigerator. My cat used to sneak into the refrigerator and eat them. … He ate them voraciously; it was like catnip to him. So I thought, ‘What the heck, I better do it with him,’” he said.
5. Johnny Depp
He’s portrayed way too many quirky roles since he started his showbiz career. But he was no different than other boys who tried vandalism, breaking and entering schools, even experimenting with drugs. “I don’t trust anyone who hasn’t been self-destructive in some way. Who hasn’t gone through some sort of bout of self-loathing. You’ve got to bang yourself around a bit to know yourself,” he told GQ in 2011.
Vain or not, many of us take care of our skin as if it’s the most important part of our body. Aside from the usual soap you use every day you probably have several other skin care products at your disposal to keep your skin radiant and youthful. But did you know that your drinking habit could sabotage your daily skin regimen?
Experts agree that alcohol can have both long- and short-term effects on people’s appearance, particularly on skin. Just drinking 175 ml glasses of wine every week could give you red skin and deep wrinkles in the long run, not to mention added weight.
Facial red skin is one of the earliest signs of alcohol abuse. It occurs because regulation of vascular control in the brain fails due to sustained alcohol intake. Flushing — red blotches on the face, neck, and shoulder — is also a common skin reaction in heavy drinkers due to an inability to metabolize alcohol.
Generalized skin itching may likewise occur due to the build up of poorly metabolized alcohol that stimulate nerve endings in the skin.
Excessive drinking can also increase one’s risk of developing skin cancer. For one, it makes your skin dry which makes you more susceptible to sun damage. Similarly, it could suppress the immune system and damages adequate nutrition. Both cases lower your body’s natural defense against melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer.
In addition, vitamin deficiency can occur when alcohol replaces normal food in the diet and the digestive tract. Lack of vitamin B1, for example, can result in waxy skin. Insufficient vitamin A can lead to dry skin and rough follicles.
Furthermore, regular alcohol consumption can trigger rosacea flare ups. A survey by the National Rosacea Society found that red wine and white wine were the top two alcoholic drinks that can trigger rosacea. Other triggers include beer, champagne, vodka, tequila, rum, and scotch.
Teens and young adults are getting overboard when it comes to experimenting with drugs and alcohol. If you’re not up-to-date with your child’s activities you might miss the opportunity to keep him/her away from dangerous fads like “smoking” alcohol.
What is “smoking” alcohol, anyway? Why should you be concerned about it?
Fox5 recently featured a story about smoking liquor instead of drinking it. The method involves pouring alcohol over dry ice so the vapors can be inhaled. But while it sounds harmless, doctors say the technique can have potentially fatal consequences because it sends larger and purer doses of alcohol to the brain, bypassing the liver and the organs.
Dr. Lawrence Pohl, medical director of the Mission Valley Medical Clinic in San Diego, California, explained that smoking alcohol is toxic to the lungs and can cause other serious side effects. “The concern is it can go to the bloodstream quickly, to the brain quickly, to the lungs,” he said.
Research shows that inhaling alcohol causes rapid intoxication and impairment. It’s also more likely to lead to substance abuse.
“Such extreme measures strongly suggest the presence of a serious substance abuse disorder,” Dr. Paul Hokemeyer told MailOnline. “In addition to the obvious physical risks this trend presents, it draws into question their judgment and impulse control.”
Even more concerning to these health care professionals is when teens are pressured to try the technique without being aware of what it can do to them.
Last week, New Jersey investigators found nearly 30 bars and restaurants in the region are serving pricey drinks containing rubbing alcohol, food coloring, and dirty water. They said no health issues were reported, but existing documents reveal consuming rubbing alcohol is far from being safe.
To begin with, rubbing alcohol contains 70% isopropyl alcohol (isopropanol). It is commonly used as a disinfectant, antifreeze, and solvent in perfumes and other cosmetic products. According to the International Programme on Chemical Safety, oral ingestion is one of the most common routes of exposure to rubbing alcohols. Symptoms include drowsiness, dizziness, slurred speech, headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and loss of coordination. It can also severely irritate mucous membranes, the sensitive tissues lining the throat and airways. More serious health problems following massive exposure to rubbing alcohol include loss of consciousness, slow breathing, low body temperature, coma, even death.
If you or anyone you know accidentally or intentionally swallow rubbing alcohol, immediately contact the National Poison Control Center (1-800-222-1222) for further instructions. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) advised not to drink milk or water if you are having symptoms that make it hard to swallow. The faster you get medical help, the better the chance for recovery.