Archive for category Alcohol Abuse
Allowing your children to experience life according to their own terms may have some advantages, but not when it comes to preventing alcohol abuse. This was revealed through a new study on teen drinking.
The study, jointly conducted by Queen’s University Belfast and Glasgow University, said that parents who don’t exercise control and authority in the household may increase the likelihood of their teenage children to engage in excessive alcohol consumption. “We are hypothesising that while emotional support and closeness are important for ensuring mental wellbeing, when it comes to health behaviours like alcohol use, parental rules may have more of an influence over factors outside the home such as peer influences and social media,” said study co-author Mark McCann in a news release.
Researchers reviewed data from close to 5,000 adolescents from 2010 to 2011, and looked into the importance of parental control in limiting alcohol intake by their teen kids.
Based on the study findings, the research team believes that proper parenting plays a key role in preventing teen alcohol abuse, more than any alcohol awareness program designed for kids. “Given that adolescence is often a critical period for the beginning of alcohol use, and that alcohol harms are not confined to children from so-called ‘problem’ families, support for adolescent parenting – rather than alcohol awareness for parents – may be a more beneficial target for public policy aimed at young people’s health behaviour,” McCann added.
Of course, it doesn’t mean that making your kids aware of alcohol abuse isn’t important. In fact, parents are encouraged to discuss alcohol to kids early.
Having a tan may not be as harmful as it sounds, but a new study discovered a potential link between indoor tanning and substance abuse.
The study, the findings of which were recently published in the JAMA Dermatology, based its findings on a survey of more than 12,000 high school students in the state of Colorado. The survey questionnaire asked the students if they underwent an indoor tan at least once last year and if they used drugs and alcohol over the same period.
According to a news report, results showed that about 7 percent had indoor tanning during the past year, with female teens using tanning salons roughly twice more than males. Out of the group who underwent indoor tanning, roughly two-thirds admitted to have used marijuana at least once in their lifetime. In comparison, only 35 percent of students who never had a tan within the past year used marijuana.
In other substances, steroid use in students was pegged at 21 percent of indoor tanners compared to only 2 percent in the other students. Daily cigarette use was admitted by 10 percent of the indoor tanning group, which is significantly higher than the 2 percent of the non-tanning group. In terms of gender, female students were drawn more to ecstasy and prescription drugs, while the men prefer heroin and steroids.
Teen drinking may be a lingering and growing problem in the U.S., but the problem is escalated in countries where alcohol is standard fare.
Ireland is known for rum and other kinds of alcoholic beverages, and so it may not be a surprise to learn that 64 percent of the 13-to-17 age group in the country admit to drink alcohol. This was revealed by Alcohol Action Ireland, a charity organization in the country dedicated to alcohol-related issues.
According to its report entitled “Alcohol Marketing and Young People’s Drinking Behaviour in Ireland,” Alcohol Action Ireland revealed the following findings: “53% reported having been drunk at least once, 41% reported having been drunk in the last month; 37% reported engaging in binge drinking in the last month; and 50% reported that they drink regularly (every month).”
In terms of advertising, 72 percent of the kids said that they saw an alcohol ad via social media. Meanwhile, 91 percent said they were exposed to offline marketing, and 61 percent own merchandise from alcohol brands. “These findings clearly indicate that the more intense the exposure, the greater the risk of drinking alcohol and engaging in risking drinking behaviours. Given that these findings echo previous studies, coupled with the vulnerability of young people to alcohol, there is a clear need for immediate action on alcohol marketing regulation,” said Dr. Michal Molcho, one of the proponents of the study.
Data for the study were obtained from 686 teenagers between the ages of 13 and 17 enrolled in 16 schools. The study was conducted by the Health Promotion Research Centre at the National University of Ireland.
Sports events on television serve as perfect opportunities for alcohol companies to advertise their products, but a recent Australian study revealed that this increases the risk of exposure of children to alcohol.
According to research from Monash University in Australia, free-to-air TV channels (AFL, Cricket, and NRL) aired about 60 percent of all alcohol-related ads in Australian sports channels. Worse, 47 percent of the advertisements were aired during the daytime, when kids can have free access.
Study lead author Dr. Sherilene Carr expressed the research team’s frustration over the inconsistency in regulating alcohol ads on free TV. “What was striking was the extent of children’s exposure because of the clause allowing alcohol advertising in daytime sport. It’s banned in every other TV genre because it’s known to be harmful to children, so why is sport exempt? It just doesn’t make sense,” Carr said in a news report.
The study looked into 2012 data on alcohol advertising in AFL, Cricket, and NFL, and cross-referenced it with information on TV audience viewership. Although daytime viewing exposed kids to a lot of alcohol ads, the timeslot of 8:30 to 9:30 PM proved to be the most intensive in term of alcohol ad exposure.
University associate professor Kerry O’Brien stressed the responsibility of TV networks on safeguarding children and teens from the hazards of alcohol abuse. “The alcohol industry’s job is to increase sales and consumption of alcohol, so they can’t be expected to protect young people’s health, but the AFL, NRL, and Cricket, could care more than they apparently do,” O’Brien expressed.
The study, funded by the Australian Research Council, Australian National Preventative Health Agency, and VicHealth, was published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Review.
A large number of cases related to sexually transmitted diseases (STD) can be traced to unplanned sexual encounters, which many young females have unknowingly contracted. In light of this, a new study warns women against consuming alcohol, as this may increase the risk of them getting into unexpected sexual situations.
Researchers from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine based their study findings on interviews with young females who attended a clinic that specializes in STD cases. “The idea behind our study was to first unveil what women expect to happen, and then uncover what consequences really occur so that we can challenge unrealistic expectations and develop better interventions that lead to safer experiences,” said study co-author Dr. Geetanjali Chander in a news release.
The study, which was released in last month’s edition of Women’s Health Issues, involved in-depth interviews with 20 African-American females between the period of December 2009 and August 2010. The women admitted to either having sexual intercourse while being under the influence of alcohol or engaging in binge drinking sessions at one point in their life. Most of the women reported to have experienced the following sexual encounters:
- Having intercourse with new partners
- Trying out new things (i.e. rough sex, anal sex)
- Having sex without protection
- Having sex while unconscious or under the influence of alcohol
- Being raped
When asked what could be done to protect themselves during a public drinking spree, many of the women find security in being with female friends. “Women feel safer when they travel in packs, and one way participants suggested staying safe is to never let anyone get separated from the pack,” said Dr. Heidi Hutton, who works at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine as psychiatry and behavioral sciences associate professor.
Here’s a bit of good and bad news: today’s teenagers use alcohol and cigarettes less, but are found to use marijuana increasingly.
This is according to a study conducted by Penn State’s The Methodology Center. Although the recent findings point to a successful campaign against tobacco, this may have caused the interest of adolescents to shift towards marijuana. “Our analysis shows that public health campaigns are working — fewer teens are smoking cigarettes… However, we were surprised to find the very clear message that kids are choosing marijuana over cigarettes,” said study co-author Stephanie Lanza in a news release.
The study looked into data from the project entitled Monitoring the Future, where close to 600,000 high school seniors from 1976 to 2013 were asked to participate in a survey. The questions were targeted towards checking the students’ use of three substances: alcohol, marijuana and tobacco.
Results showed a significant decrease in use of cigarettes, most notably in white adolescents. Marijuana, on the other hand, was used more as years went by, especially in black teenagers. Meanwhile, alcohol consumption by teenagers has steadily dipped over the years, with white teens drinking more than their black counterparts. A correlation was also noticed between marijuana and cigarette use, citing that those who smoked cigarettes were more likely to use marijuana than teenagers who did not use tobacco products.
Details of the study were published July 20 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.