Prescription drug abuse is a growing threat in society. There are four main types of prescription medication that are commonly abused: opiods, sedatives and tranquilizers, stimulants and over-the-counter medications (although this does not really require a medical prescription, allow us to include it in this list for the purpose of discussion).
Opiods are prescribed painkillers that are usually given to patients who undergo chronic and persistent pain. They usually are prescribed to help in pain management and are used to bring feelings of euphoria to the patient. These drugs usually include oxycodone or morphine, Percodan, Vicodin and medications that contain codeine.
Sedatives and tranquilizers are often prescribed to patients who suffer from panic or anxiety attacks, sleeplessness or insomnia and excessive restlessness. The drugs produce a sensation of peace and relaxation. Sedative intoxication usually exhibits similar effects as alcohol but has a more dangerous list of side effects that include delirium and seizures. Drugs that are abused include
Xanax, Nembutal and Valium.
Stimulants include diet pills and medication that are prescribed to ADD or ADHD patients. These drugs are used by abusers to increase performance and to get a “high”. These drugs are also effective in suppressing the appetite and are used to facilitate weight loss, as well as to increase focus, attention and energy.
Over-the-counter drugs or OTC are medications that are available at any pharmacy or grocery that can be sold without a prescription. These drugs are usually remedies for colds, cough or regular pain. One type of OTC drugs is a medication that contains Dextromethorphan (DXM), which is found in cough syrups. If taken in massive doses, DXM can produce dangerous side effects including loss of coordination, dizziness, hot flashes, hallucinations, brain damage, seizure, even death.